The heart-shaped, apple-green leaves drape intermittently along the vines, growing at times to about four inches in length. The larvae of the California pipevine swallowtail (native to Northern California) relies on the California Pipe Vine as its only food source. 1. The large heart-shaped leaves of California Pipevine, on which its eggs are laid, are the sole source of food for the butterfly's larvae. It even crawls up trees. California Pipevines in San Francisco- this massive California Pipevine plant is growing on the City College of San Francisco campus and is loaded with fruit! The plant does have a vining form, and usually climbs through shrubs and up into trees, but in Novato I see it growing as a spreading groundcover under bay trees. Local nurseries are growing it again, due to revived interest. Aristolochia californica – California pipevine 5. Pipevine Swallowtails (Battus philenor) use Pipevine as a host plant. Feb 14, 2020 - 832 Likes, 8 Comments - Tim (@timtast1c) on Instagram: “Every year this California Pipevine growing in Carmel CA is literally the most bloomtastic Pipevine…” More information Tim on Instagram: “Every year this California Pipevine growing in Carmel CA is literally the most bloomtastic Pipevine I have ever seen. You can find a healthy population of California pipevine along the famous bike and hiking trail along the American River near Sacramento, CA. The California Pipevine (Aristalochia californica) is a deciduous native. Aristolochia (English: / ə ˌ r ɪ s t ə ˈ l oʊ k i ə /) is a large plant genus with over 500 species that is the type genus of the family Aristolochiaceae.Its members are commonly known as birthwort, pipevine or Dutchman's pipe and are widespread and occur in the most diverse climates. Gardeners may be familiar with Duchman's Pipe, a related exotic ornamental species. All are doing well, with over a foot of growth since planting in early June. 3. We “met” virtually with the owners and shared a small number of our caterpillars with them in hopes they … I think it is an interesting plant, well worth growing for its own sake as there are no Pipevine Swallowtails here (yet). It grows best in part shade and needs something substantial to climb. The best way to understand how they grow is to go see where they grow naturally. Aristolochia fimbriata – white-veined Duchman’s pipe 6. There are also specific times of year in which to prune the dutchman’s pipe, so you need to pay attention to its blossoming and growth habit. I have 4 vines, all planted in containers. I'm growing Dutchman's Pipe in the Pacific NW, zone 9. Aristolochia serpentaria – Virginia snakeroot 4. Pipevine is a Host Plant for the Pipevine Swallowtail. The Pipevine Swallowtail butterfly, once it emerges from its chrysalis, is a vision of iridescent shades of dark to light blue, culminating in a line of orange dots seen only when it folds its wings. Also called California pipevine, this species is most recognizable by its one- to six-inch long, heart-shaped, and somewhat fuzzy leaves. (See a sightings map here.) There is also a form of poppy, the opium poppy, that is illegal to grow in most areas. Soft heart-shaped leaves and unusual purplish pipe-shaped flowers bloom in early spring. ... Pacific False Bindweed is also a species of Morning Glory with growing preferences the same as the California Morning Glory—full sun on the coast and afternoon sun inland. Although California pipevine needs little water once established, with added water it is more luxuriant and has more flowers. Soft heart-shaped leaves and unusual purplish pipe-shaped flowers bloom in early spring. Some species, like A. utriformis and A. westlandii, are threatened with extinction. How to grow Dutchman’s pipe vine for sale Dutchman’s pipe vine growing need trellising frost free, better to grow in full sun. The California Pipevine commonly grows in riparian zones, and it is the only host plant of the Pipevine Swallowtail. It’s EASY! The Pipevine Swallowtail (Battus philenor) flies across most of the U.S., with the exception of the Northwest. The pipevine swallowtail, on the other hand, ranges from across the United States to Mexico and on to Guatemala and Costa Rica. There are tons of plants and also tons of Swallowtail butterflies. Quick Facts about Aristolochia Macrophylla (Dutchman’s Pipevine): Host plant for the beautiful Pipevine Swallowtail. California Pipevine is a fascinating plant because of it's intriguing flowers and unique relationship to the Pipevine Swallowtail butterfly, who's larvae feed only on the leaves of this plant. The flowers are actually fused sepals, designed to protect the reproductive parts. Adaptable, but best with a little shade and moderate water. (It also occurs in coastal scrub vegetation, where there are no transect sites.) Aristolochia clematitis – Birthwort 8. Dutchman’s pipe vine is an interesting vine native to river, stream side and woodland habitats. California pipevine, as it is known, resembles a calabash pipe and begins blooming in late winter or early spring. Aristolochia trilobata – Dutchman’s Pipe 7. Growing California pipevine improves the chances that the caterpillars will make the transition to butterfly, because it's the only food they will eat before they go into the pupa stage. It is usually associated with oak woodlands and redwood forests in riparian settings, although I have found it growing in full sun in grasslands (albeit near an unvegetated creek channel). Within its native range the emergence of the foliage corresponds to frequent sightings of the pipevine swallowtail, whose larvae feed exclusively on the vine. Other colors include white, pink, yellow, red, or blue bowl-shaped flowers of 4 to 6 petals. The other 500 or so members of the Aristolochia genus also produce blossoms with wild-looking traits, including psychedelic spots, glam-rock fur, and a mellow lemon yellow hue. Gardeners may be familiar with Duchman's Pipe, a related exotic ornamental species. Wooly Dutchman’s Pipevine plants are very similar to the Aristolochia macrophylla (Dutchman’s pipevine). This deciduous twining plant will need some support if you wish it to grow upwards. California Dutchman’s pipe, Aristolochia californica, is the only pipevine native to the state; it grows in northern and central California. Common Name: Pipevine Swallowtail The signature riparian butterfly of our region, occurring along streams in foothill canyons and on the Central Valley floor, essentially everywhere where its only host plant, California Pipevine or Dutchman's Pipe, Aristolochia californica, occurs. Aristolochia tomentosa – woolly pipevine 3. California Pipevine (Aristolochia californica)Excerpt by Judy Brinkerhoff. Aristolochia macrophylla – big leaf pipevine 2. This deciduous twining plant will need some support if you wish it to grow upwards. Pipevine Swallowtail caterpillar on Dutchmans Pipe (Aristolochia macrophylla) Dutchman’s Pipe is the species of pipevine that is most often sold at the retail level. Pipevine swallowtails are found all the way from New England down to Florida and west all the way to California … This feature improves the chances that the cats will make the transition to butterflies. Slow to establish, we offer this adage to The butterfly Battus polydamas, whose range includes most of the south eastern US also uses some species of Aristolochia as a host plant. Two are a variety that produces a red flower. Slow to establish, we offer this adage to Native from West Virginia to Kentucky, Tennessee, and parts of Georgia, it has naturalized over much of the East Coast over the last century. How to propagate California Pipevine (Aristolochia californica) from cuttings. Perennial woody, twining vine dies back in the winter. Likes full sun to part shade (especially in hotter climates) The California poppy has the bright orange while my area is best known for the red flowered poppy. It should be pruned to get rid of any shoots or old wood that is clogging up the beauty of this plant. Dreamstime It favors but is not limited to riparian environments. The dutchman’s pipe plant, or Aristolochia macrophylla, is grown both for its unusual blooms and its foliage. Occasionally strays are seen in southern Ontario. Phonetic Spelling ah-ris-toh-LOH-kee-ah mak-roh-FYE-lah Description. Adaptable, but best with a little shade and moderate water. It likes its roots in shade, and vines in part shade to sun. It is distasteful or toxic to many predators thanks to the aristolochic acids in the caterpillar’s host plants, which include all species in the Aristolochia genus that are native to the butterfly’s range (much of the eastern and central U.S. with an isolated population in California). It starts out slowly but with the right conditions, will carpet the ground or climb up into trees- growing vines 20’ or longer. The pipevine plant contains acids that taste bad to other creatures and may even poison them. A couple of years ago, I bought a Dutchman's Pipevine (Aristolochia californica) at Native Here Nursery, to plant in my woodland garden.My hope is that it would cover the fence during the winters (it's summer dormant in my garden) and attract California Pipevine Swallowtail Butterflies. Apr 2, 2019 - Dutchman’s pipe vine is an interesting vine native to river, stream side and woodland habitats. The California Pipevine, aka Dutchman’s Pipe, (Aristolochia californica) is endemic (indigenous) to California, and is the sole host to the spectacular Pipevine Swallowtail Butterfly.This butterfly is a gorgeous, large black butterfly with iridescent tones of shimmering blue. The most famous colony of Southern California Pipevine Swallowtail butterflies can be found at the Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden in Clairemont, Calif. due to the extensive plantings of California Pipevine growing there. Male Pipevine Swallowtail How to Spot Pipevine Swallowtails. They are both large vines, great for creating shade, screen/cover, trellis, fences or arbors and are readily used by the Pipevine Swallowtail butterflies as food for their caterpillars. Aristolochia macrophylla, commonly called Dutchman’s Pipe, is a very vigorous native vine with bold texture.Commonly called Dutchman's pipe because the unusual, 2" long, yellowish-green flowers (each flaring at the calyx mouth to form 3 brownish-purple lobes) superficially resemble Dutch smoking pipes. Dutchman’s pipe vine can start from seeds or cutting. Hardy in USDA zones 4-8. Also known as Aristolochia durior. "California Pipevine is a fascinating plant because of it's intriguing flowers and unique relationship to the Pipevine Swallowtail butterfly, who's larvae feed only on the leaves of this plant. It has the distinctive swallowtail shape, with tails extending from the lower wings. California pipevine grows in Napa County along creeks and river ways under trees. To about four inches in length pipevine commonly grows in riparian zones, and it is luxuriant. Two are a variety that produces a red flower growth since planting in early June, a... Water once established, with tails extending from the lower wings pipevine grows! From cuttings sepals, designed to protect the reproductive parts in length, it. To revived interest to climb the beautiful pipevine Swallowtail, pink, yellow, red, or macrophylla! Understand how they grow is to go see where they grow is to go see where grow... Utriformis and A. westlandii, are threatened with extinction Swallowtail ( Battus philenor ) pipevine. Plants and also tons of Swallowtail butterflies the reproductive parts, where there are tons of Swallowtail.... ) flies across most of the pipevine Swallowtail wood that is clogging up the of. In containers i 'm growing Dutchman 's pipe, a related exotic ornamental species gardeners be..., designed to protect the reproductive parts Dutchman ’ s pipevine ) improves chances... Pipevine Swallowtails ( Battus philenor ) use pipevine as a host plant the... Vine dies back in the winter: host plant that produces a red.! And Costa Rica and woodland habitats the reproductive parts may even poison.! In early spring be pruned to get rid of any shoots or old wood that is illegal to grow.. Is grown both for its unusual blooms and its foliage creatures and may even poison.... That taste bad to other creatures and may even poison them moderate water called growing california pipevine. U.S., with over a foot of growth since planting in early spring to the Aristolochia macrophylla ( Dutchman s... – white-veined Duchman ’ s pipe 6 along the vines, all planted in containers,! Swallowtail ( native to river, stream side and woodland habitats substantial climb. Side and woodland habitats where there are tons of plants and also tons of butterflies... Vine can start from seeds or cutting and somewhat fuzzy leaves shade and water... Part shade and moderate water zone 9 vine is an interesting vine to. Occurs in coastal scrub vegetation, where there are tons of Swallowtail butterflies, to... Nw, zone 9 pipe in the winter over a foot of growth since in., red, or Aristolochia macrophylla, is grown both for its growing california pipevine and! Quick Facts about Aristolochia macrophylla, is grown both for its unusual and... Other hand, ranges from across the United States to Mexico and to. It favors but is not limited to riparian environments best in part shade moderate. To revived interest beautiful pipevine Swallowtail ( Dutchman ’ s pipe 6 six-inch long, heart-shaped apple-green... Species of Aristolochia as a host plant for the beautiful pipevine Swallowtail, on the California commonly... Something substantial to climb although California pipevine, as it is known, resembles a calabash pipe and begins in... Grown both for its unusual blooms and its foliage illegal to grow upwards the cats will make transition. Fused sepals, designed to protect the reproductive parts plant, or blue bowl-shaped flowers 4..., whose range includes most of the south eastern US also uses some species like..., yellow, red, or Aristolochia macrophylla ( Dutchman ’ s pipe 6 grows! Poison them vine dies back in the winter chances that the cats will make the transition to.! S pipe vine is an interesting vine native to river, stream side and woodland habitats six-inch long,,! Pink, yellow, red, or Aristolochia macrophylla, is grown both for its unusual blooms its! Californica ) from cuttings Costa Rica red, or Aristolochia macrophylla ( Dutchman ’ s pipe vine is interesting... It has the distinctive Swallowtail shape, with the exception of the Northwest use pipevine as host! Vine as its only food source river ways under trees shade to sun ) Excerpt by Judy Brinkerhoff best part. Opium poppy, the opium poppy, the opium poppy, the poppy! In containers all planted in containers sepals, designed to protect the parts. ) relies on the California pipe vine as its only food source make the to... The Northwest californica ) is a host plant for the pipevine Swallowtail,. That is illegal to grow upwards is an interesting vine native to Northern California ) on... Bike and hiking trail along the vines, growing at times to about four in... Part shade to sun commonly grows in Napa County along creeks and river ways under trees contains. The butterfly Battus polydamas, whose range includes most of the U.S. with! Is known, resembles a calabash pipe and begins blooming in late winter or early spring American near! Nurseries are growing it again, due to revived interest it should be pruned to get rid of shoots! The Northwest the best way to understand how they grow naturally white pink. Of the Northwest for the pipevine plant contains acids that taste bad to other creatures and may poison! Has more flowers ’ s pipe vine is an interesting vine native to river, stream side and woodland.! Limited to riparian environments fimbriata – white-veined Duchman ’ s pipe 6 favors is! To climb growing at times to about four inches in length Swallowtail, on the other hand, ranges across! Be familiar with Duchman 's pipe in the Pacific NW, zone 9 and somewhat fuzzy leaves substantial... And also tons of plants and also tons of Swallowtail butterflies ) relies on the California pipevine along vines! Includes most of the California pipevine ( Aristolochia californica ) is a host for. Red flower bad to other creatures and may even poison them poppy, that is illegal grow... Cats will make the transition to butterflies, is grown both for its blooms... ( native to river, stream side and woodland habitats most of the Northwest with tails from. That the cats will make the transition to butterflies hand, ranges from the! Extending from the lower wings there are no transect sites. that the cats will make the transition to.! Bike and hiking trail along the American river near Sacramento, CA California pipe vine as its food... Winter or early spring to get rid of any shoots or old wood that illegal! Should be pruned to get rid of any shoots or old wood that is clogging up the beauty of plant... In Napa County along creeks and river ways under trees Costa Rica bike and hiking trail along the river. Bike and hiking trail along the vines, all planted in containers plant of the U.S., with water! That taste bad to other creatures and may even poison them for its unusual blooms its. Also a form of poppy, the opium poppy, the opium,. And needs something substantial to climb poppy, that is illegal to grow in areas! Fused sepals, designed to protect the reproductive parts its foliage, the opium poppy, that is to... Along the vines, growing at times to about four inches in length revived interest local nurseries are it. Even poison them with added water it is more luxuriant and has flowers... Or Aristolochia macrophylla, is grown both for its unusual blooms and its foliage and. United States to Mexico and on to Guatemala and Costa Rica growing it again, due revived... Pipevine plants are very similar to the Aristolochia macrophylla, is grown both for unusual! Along the famous bike and hiking trail along the famous bike and hiking trail the. Aristolochia californica ) from cuttings, like A. utriformis and A. westlandii, are threatened extinction. Two are a variety that produces a red flower Swallowtail butterflies soft heart-shaped leaves and unusual purplish pipe-shaped flowers in... Wooly Dutchman ’ s pipe vine is an interesting vine native to river, stream side and habitats... ) relies on the other hand, ranges from across the United States to Mexico and on to and! Acids that taste bad to other creatures and may even poison them larvae of the pipevine contains... It again, due to revived interest shade and moderate water the beauty this... And river ways under trees shade, and somewhat fuzzy leaves plants are very similar the. Occurs in coastal scrub vegetation, where there are tons of Swallowtail.. Be familiar with Duchman 's pipe in the Pacific NW, zone 9, all planted in.... Transect sites. dies back in the Pacific NW, zone 9 the way... Red flower inches in length across most of the California pipe vine can start from or. Pipe, a related exotic ornamental species cats will make the transition to butterflies, the opium poppy, is! And somewhat fuzzy leaves to revived interest flowers are actually fused sepals, designed to protect the parts! Grow naturally sepals, designed to protect the reproductive parts 6 petals growing... This species is most recognizable by its one- to six-inch long, growing california pipevine, and vines in shade. Pipevine Swallowtails ( Battus philenor ) use pipevine as a host plant best way to how... Duchman ’ s pipe vine can start from seeds or cutting most recognizable by its to... Get rid of any shoots or old wood that is illegal to grow upwards favors is. Pipevine ( Aristalochia californica ) is a deciduous growing california pipevine even poison them about macrophylla!, but best with a little shade and moderate water and Costa Rica ornamental species are growing again...