Calendula spp. We have loaded Previous years questions with explanations...for all competitive exams. Asteraceae is an economically important family, providing products such as cooking oils, leaf vegetables like lettuce, sunflower seeds, artichokes, sweetening agents, coffee substitutes and herbal teas. Asteraceae (formerly known as Compositae) is one of the largest families of higher plants, with more than 1700 genera and approximately 24000 species, which grow in varied environments . Asteraceae ... Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. In the United States and Canada there are 346 genera and 2, 687 species. Importance of honey: Most members of this family have nectaries. a) 2,700 sp. Asteraceae is important primarily for its many garden ornamentals… The family is the smallest part of society, which is united not only by blood-related and marital ties but also by economic relations. There are two types of florets. The florets are zygomorphic and unisexual or neutral. When the ovary is unripe, the style has two lobes very close to each other. Asteraceae family is the largest family of Angiosperms. sunflowers, daisies, chrysanthemums), with about 23,000 species, is found almost everywhere in the world except in Antarctica. The flowers (florets) are small, but are usually grouped together in an inflorescence (called a head) which gives the appearance of being a single flower and led to the family's earlier name of Compositae. In this condition, it emerges out through the tubular structure formed by the anthers. It is a large family. The tubers of the plants Helianthus tuberosus, Cynara scolymus are used as vegetables. In Xanthium the fruits are dispersed by animals due to presence of hooks. Asteraceae is the largest family of flowering plants comprising about 900 genera and more than 20,000 species. 203-211] Diversity: Worldwide: 1,100 genera; 19,000 species U.S.: >200 genera PNW (Hitchcock & Cronquist): 104 genera: second largest family; subdivided into 2 subfamilies and 12 to 17 tribes: Flower-- Vegetative Features-- Economic Importance-- Flower Images-- Web Sites 1. Habit: Mostly annual or perennial herbs, rarely shrubs (Helianthus annus) and trees (Veronia). - Onion, garlic, leek, shallots, and chives are all produced by plants in this family. Asteraceae is an economically important family, providing products such as cooking oils, leaf vegetables like lettuce, sunflower seeds, artichokes, sweetening agents, coffee substitutes and herbal teas. The family is commonly called Verbena family. VEGETATIVE CHARACTER: They are nearly all herbs but few are shambby and few reach stature of trees. Ovary is unilocular with only one ovule with basal placentation. 3. 2 Social and economic empowerment of individuals: The role of the family A large and established body of research evidence has shown the significance of the family as a major They possess extra appendages called ligule. The general characteristic and economic importance of family apiaceae ... Asteraceae c) Brassicaceae d) Malvaceae. Choose from 29 different sets of term:economic importance = forage plants, ornamentals flashcards on Quizlet. / suppose. They are distributed throughout the world. Asteraceae or Compositae is an exceedingly large and widespread family of flowering plants with more than 23,600 currently accepted species, spread across 1,620 genera and 13 subfamilies. It includes 77 genera and 3,020 species, out of which 21 genera and 125 species occur in India. Asterales are common plants and have many known uses. The form of flowers may vary in head and the head may be homogamous or heterogamous. // ]]>. This family includes 900 genera and about 13,000 species. Fabaceae are also used as ornamental plants. Sushil Humagain Most of the invasive exotic plants belong to Asteraceae family. Because of economic and social factors, especially chronic wounds represent a major burden. It is terminal or axillary in position. To satisfy the needs of their homes, families map out time for domestic work and rest, organize everyday life activities, prepare meals and … The present study deals with the Asteraceae member of invasive plants species in Nilgiri District. Food: Habits: The grass family is undoubtedly the most important plant family to mankind, agriculturally, economically and ecologically. The stem might be erect, hairy, woody or prostrate. Economic Uses of Malvaceae - Overview. So, this floret is ligulated. Root system: Generally the root system is branched taproot system. They are simple or pinnately or palmately lobed. It is highly poisonous. Calyx: Absent or hairy pappus or scaly persistent, Corolla: Petals 5 in number, polypetalous, ligulate, Gynoecium: Bicarpellary, syncarpous, unilocular, one ovule, the locule, basal placentation, style narrow and stigma branched, ovary inferior. This family contain . They are bisexual and either regular (Veronica) or liguate (Cichorium). It might sometimes contain latex. After emergence, the branches of the style spread out to receive the pollen from another flower. A total of 103 invasive species of Asteraceae plants were recorded, belonging to 68 genera during the present study. [CDATA[ Habitat: Members of this family are mostly mesophytes and some xerophytes are also known in this family. // ]]>. Family: Asteraceae; Compositae; Common name: sunflower family [Zomlefer, pp. ORDER ASTERALES Family compositae (Asteraceae) It is the largest family among angiosperms, containing about 1,620 genera and 23,600 species Distributation T ... ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE Edible Many plants are used as a source of food i.e root and leaves of Cichorium (chicory) Asteraceae; Sunflower family – General characters , floral formula , floral diagram , economic importance and common species Syed Muhmmad Muzammil Gilani June 20, 2019 Angiosperm families , Botany This is probably the largest family of flowering plants, with more than 25 000 species world-wide, growing from sea-level to the highest mountain peaks. If present, they are represented by 2 or 3 small scales or hairy pappus, superior, 3 to 5 teeth are present that represent the number of petals, Gamopetalous, ligulate with large flat strap-shaped limb and a basal hairy tube, Valvate, superior and yellow to orange in color, Bicarpellary syncarpous with inferior ovary. Asteraceae, the aster, daisy, or composite family of the flowering-plant order Asterales. Number of florets in the head varies from few to many. The leaves are sessile or petiolate, acute or serrate and with unicostate reticulate venation. The members of this family are distributed throughout the world. Asteraceae (or Compositae) are regarded as one of the most influential families in the diversification and evolution of a large number of animals that heavily depends on their inflorescences to survive (e.g. Home Botany Family Compositae (Asteraceae) its Examples and Economic Importance Family Compositae (Asteraceae) its Examples and Economic Importance Faizan Bhatti 12:45 PM. Tagetes erecta (Mexican marigold) flowers are used for eye diseases, purification of blood and in ulcers. Number of genera: Asteraceae is also known as Compositae. In some species several heads aggregate to form compound head or umble or panicle. The family is of some economic importance for food production: Cichorum (endive, chickory), Cynara (artichoke), Helianthus (sunflower seeds and oil, Jerusalem artichoke), Taraxacum (dandelion greens), and Lactuca (lettuce). Economic importance. The members of family are inhabitants of tropical and subtropical regions, they also extend into temperate lands. Saccharum officinarum is the source of sugar. Distribution: The members of this family are distributed throughout the world. Root: Normally taproot, branched and fibrous, root tubers are produced by few species e.g. Economic importance: Food: Oryza sativa, Zea mays, Triticum aestivum, Hordeum vulgare, Sorghum vulgare Eleusine coracana are used as food for mankind. About half of the species are native to the Old World and half are native to the New World. The Asteraceae may represent as much as 10% of autochthonous flora in many regions of the world. These pulses are used as food and are rich in proteins. ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE . Stems are often covered by trichomes. This helps in increasing the attraction of the flower. The flowers are open in acropetal succession. The family is of some economic importance for food production: Cichorum (endive, chickory), Cynara (artichoke), Helianthus (sunflower seeds and oil, Jerusalem artichoke), Taraxacum (dandelion greens), and Lactuca (lettuce). Also this family includes large number of ornamental plants. Leaf: Leaves are simple, alternate or opposite (Helianthus) or whorled (Eupatorium), exstipulate, petiolate, hairy, reticulate venation. It is pubescent (covered with soft short hair) and green in color. A single visit of insect may pollinate large number of flowers. A very large, worldwide family of mainly shrubs and herbs, but sometimes trees. Gertrude Stein The Rose Family i/Ue ease is ci rose And was always to But the theory now goes That the apple's a pscc, And the pear is, and so's The jtliaii. Several species of sunflowers are of economic importance. The flowering plant family Asteraceae (e.g. google_ad_client: "ca-pub-5414192315724946", zygomorphic and epigynous, yellow to orange in color. The Asteraceae may represent as much as 10% of autochthonous flora in many regions of the world. Home Botany Describe Family Malvaceae and its economic importance Describe Family Malvaceae and its economic importance Princess 23:25. Plants of the family are also used for food, beverages, timber, in traditional medicine, and in horticulture. They are world wide in distribution and abundant in tropics and in cold arctic or alpines regions. SOLANACEAE - the potato family. b) 3,000 sp. have ornamental value (used as decorative plants). The Nilgiris hills were colonized by the British who introduced a number of Mediterranean and European plants. They are peripherally placed incomplete florets. Shakespeare A rose is a rose is a rose. Orden Asterales Alex Mendoza. For family names, the modern tendency in taxonomy is to use the name of a familiar plant in a certain family and to add the suffix -aceae to the name. There are all types of plants like herbs, shrubs and trees. [CDATA[ The principle economic use of Malvaceous plants is as a source of natural fibres, the family providing perhaps the world's 3 most important fibre crops. ASTERACEAE (Compositae) - Sunflower or Aster Family Herbs, shrubs, trees and vines (mostly herbs in temperate zones) Leaves alternate, opposite or whorled, simple, no stipules Flowers bi- or unisexual, actinomorphic or zygomorphic, referred to as florets Two basic types of florets - Ligulate (ray) and Tubular (disc). Rosaceae Taxonomy, Economic Importance, en om ics f. l-Itinuuei' iiid j uics Janick A race by any other name icould smell as sweet. In India this family is represented by about 51 genera and 138 species distributed around temperate and alpine Himalaya. Shakespeare A ,soe is cc rove is a rose. -The importance of the Asteraceae is incalculable and largely indirect based on its contribution to the biodiversity of drier vegetation types throughout temperate zones, subtropics and tropics, often approaching 10 to 15% of floras. This family has greater importance than all other families of the flowering plants. Source of food (or) Vegetables-Asparagus. The florets are borne on a flat, concave or convex receptacle. Many species have milky white sap. Floral  diagram with floral formula (Helianthus annuus or sunflower): Characteristic features and economic importance of family Gramineae, Copyright © 2020 | WordPress Theme by MH Themes, Benedict’s Test: Principle, Requirements, Procedure and Result Interpretation, Capsule staining: Principle, Requirements, Procedure and Microscopic Examination, Acid-fast staining or Ziehl-Neelsen staining : Principle, Requirements, Procedure and Microscopic Examination, Ligand and its types in a Co-ordination or Complex compound, Gram staining: Principle, Requirements, Procedure and Microscopic Examination, Electric bell (Construction and working mechanism), Cranial nerves (Types, Origin, Distribution and Function). It has 20 genera and 1200 species. February 28, 2018 Some of the most important families of flowering plant and their economic importance are as follows: Family – Papilionaceae (fabaceae): Distribution: The family includes about400 genera. Bracteate or ebracteate, sessile, actinomorphic, Absent or reduced and modified into 2 or 3 membranous white scales, superior, 5 teeth representing the number of petals, 5 stamens are present, epipetalous, alternating with the petals, superior, anther is large, dithecous with prolonged connective, ovary is inferior and unilocular with large ovule, basal placentation, style is simple whereas stigma is bifid. The leaves of this plant are used in salad preparation. Family: Compositate (Asteraceae) This is the largest family of the angiosperm and includes about 1528 genera and 22750 species.In Nepal, it represents 104 genera and 428 species. 0. Zea mays, Cynodon, Poa, Saccharum are used as fodder. They are cauline or ramal, alternate or exstipulate. In this way the family name Asteraceae is made up by using the name Aster and adding -aceae. 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