The undersides of the wings are brown with elongated silvery-white spots. Gulf fritillaries are found primarily in the southern parts of the U.S., such as many regions of Texas and Florida. The Gulf Fritillary prefers subtropical second growth, woodland edges, brushy fields, and city gardens. "NatureServe Explorer 2.0 Dione vanillae Gulf Fritillary", "Male-specific structures on the wings of the gulf fritillary butterfly, Agraulis vanillae (Nymphalidae)", "Biology and Migratory Behavior of Agraulis Vanillae (L.) (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae)", "Lepidopteran Foodplant Records from Texas", "Migration of Agraulis vanillae (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) in Florida", "Courtship Behavior of the Gulf Fritillary, Agraulis Vanillae (Nymphalidae)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gulf_fritillary&oldid=987618090, Fauna of the California chaparral and woodlands, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 November 2020, at 06:01. Adults move northward in spring and form temporarily breeding colonies throughout the southeast. The underside of the wings is brown and speckled with silvery white dots. Subfamily: Heliconiinae. The underside of the wings is brown and speckled with silvery white dots. Adults overwinter in frost-free portions of their range. The tan, brown and cream colored Gulf Fritillary chrysalis often has a deep indentation. Figure 2. Photograph by Jaret C. Daniels, University of Florida. A Gulf Fritillary chrysalis inside the author's car, by the rear window. In contrast, the top surface layer of the wings is deep orange in color with black streaks running across. Then, the female makes contact with the host plant by landing; the female then deposits an egg to complete the process of oviposition. The sexes are dimorphic. Daniels JC. The Regal Fritillary is a species of large butterflies found in a limited range in the United States. It continues to slowly move down through the bottom of the chrysalis until its legs are free to cling onto the shell of the chrysalis and pull itself the rest of the way out. The Florida Wildflowers & Butterflies projects at the Florida Museum are sponsored in part by the State of … Its range is restricted to the Rio Grande Valley and occasionally far west Texas. Eggs are usually found on the upper surfaces of the leaves of the host plant, but some can be found on the underside of leaves as well. Habitat: Pastures, open fields, second-growth subtropical forest and edges, city gardens. 3D vfx models for download, files in 3ds, max, c4d, maya, blend, obj, fbx with low poly, animated, rigged, game, and VR options. It then attaches its rear end to the "silk" lump and hangs upside down in a "j" position. 2005. The larval stages of gulf fritillaries include five instars, each with a varying timeframe. Increasingly common in California Central Valley since ca.2010. Butterflies of Florida Field Guide. The fall in particular is a great time to spot butterflies along their migrations. Butterflies of the Florida Keys. Underside brown; forewing with orange at base; both wings with elongated, iridescent silver spots. Wing Span: 2 5/8 - 4 1/8 inches (6.7 - 10.5 cm). 363 pp. While native to South and Central America, the West Indies and the American South, its range spread to California with the inclusion of Passion-vines in local gardens. "The Gulf fritillary is a tropical and subtropical butterfly, whose range extends from the southern United States all the way to central Argentina," said … The sexes are dimorphic. (Photo by Kathy Keatley Garvey) This is what a normal eclosure looks like: a Gulf Fritillary has just … The underside of their wings are covered with orange scales with large patches of silver scales. native; neotropical. The Gulf Fritillary is commonly seen in parks and gardens, as well as in open country. Range: South America north through Central America, Mexico, and the West Indies to the southern United States. Gulf fritillaries (Agraulis vanillae) are commonly found in open sunny habitat, grasslands, woodlands, fields, and in gardens. The average duration of the adult stage is roughly 14 to 27 days after the butterfly emerges from the chrysalis depending on the quality of the environment (i.e. The underside of the wings is brown and speckled with silvery white dots. These beautiful creatures come in a spectacular range of colors and the gulf fritillary is no exception, with its bright orange wings and iridescent silver spots. Size: Wingspan is 2 - 2 1/2 inches. The correct pronunciation is "FRIT-uh-larry". Agraulis vanillae, the gulf fritillary butterfly, has expanded its range in the past one hundred years in the western U.S.A. The sexes are dimorphic. Once the female recognizes the chemical composition (by using the antennae), the female will oviposit. In Florida, gulf fritillaries have two major flights during the year. Cech R, Tudor G. Butterflies of the East Coast: An Observer's Guide. Gulf Fritillary caterpillar in the classic "J Position" preparing to enter its chrysalis. The first major migration involves huge populations of butterflies flying northward while the second migration involves the butterflies moving southward throughout the state, especially throughout the peninsular parts of Florida. This was Labor Day; Robert and I were trying not to wake anyone as we shuffled out of the house. ... Gulf fritillary. Gulf Fritillary Butterflies. The undersides of the wings are brown with elongated silvery-white spots. Females are somewhat darker and more extensively marked. Wing Span: 2 1/2 - 3 3/4 inches (6.3 - 9.5 cm). The Gulf fritillary, Agraulis vanillae (Linnaeus), is a brightly colored butterfly common across extreme southern portions of the United States. After that period of time, a small crack begins to form at the tip of the chrysalis revealing the butterfly's head. Adults may be found in all months of the year throughout much of Florida. Females are generally larger than males. The sexes are dimorphic. Throughout the first three instar stages, the larvae primarily consume the leaves and feed away from the leaf margins of the host plant. Florida Butterfly Caterpillars and Their Host Plants. The forewing cell contains three black-rimmed white spots. Its range extends from Argentina north through Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean to the southern United States, as far north as the San Francisco Bay Area on the west coast. During this time, the antennae of the female are placed between the opening and closing wings. Daniels JC. [2][6], In appearance, the larvae are dark orange with small black spines protruding outward from the body. The sexes are dimorphic. The first and second migrations occur in the spring and the fall, respectively. The Gulf fritillary is a medium-sized butterfly with elongated forewings. Current distributional limits vary by region and season. Photos: Peter Kazan The role of host plants is also integral to the oviposition of gulf fritillaries, as the female butterflies lay their eggs on or near the host plant. Shapiro, Arthur M., Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 62(1), 2008, 58–59. The fall in particular is a great time to spot butterflies along their migrations. The upper surface of the wings is bright orange with black markings. Adults have a wingspan range of 65 to 95 mm. When its wings are fully expanded it releases excess fluids from its abdomen. However, It is now known that the gulf fritillary caterpillar does not use the vanilla plant. Gulf fritillaries are also commonly seen in local butterfly gardens across the U.S.[2][6], The caterpillar food plants--also called the host plants--for gulf fritillaries are members of the genus Passiflora. The Gulf fritillary occurs throughout the southern United States southward through Mexico, Central America and the West Indies to South America. Adults overwinter. Figure 5. Florida. Throughout the last two instar stages, the larvae mainly consume the leaves and feed at the leaf margins. Agraulis vanillae. Upperside of hindwing black with postmedian row of white spots; submarginal row of spots is orange in male and white in female. The host plant for this species is passionvine; Passiflora species. Adults have a quick, erratic flight but are easily drawn to nearby flowers. Starting in late summer and continuing through fall, huge numbers of adults migrate southward into peninsular Florida. Gulf Fritillary eggs, caterpillar, pupa, & adult description, where do they live, their wingspan, what does it eat, life cycle, metamorphosis, flight pattern, how long do they live, host plants, is the caterpillar poisonous to humans, its diet, distribution, images These extra nutrients given to the females can be used by a female to her advantage during the process of oogenesis. For the next ten to fifteen minutes it stays still and allows its wings to dry. Newly laid egg on passion flower tendril. The forewing cell contains three black-rimmed white spots. The orange coloration warns predators that they are poisonous. At this time, the male engages in a specific action called the wing clap display in which the male continuously claps its wings open and closed. Thanks to the widespread usage of Blue Crown Passionvine (Passiflora caerulea), which stays semi-evergreen, the Gulf Fritillary is provided a year round host plant allowing it to be on the wing through the winter in small numbers in our area. However, this butterfly’s range can extend from the southern U.S. into parts of Mexico and Central America and sometimes as far as parts of South America. The Mexican silverspot, Dione moneta poeyi Butler, is similar to the gulf fritillary, but the upper wing surfaces are yellow-brown and not marked with white spots. Greenwald's Latin Derivatives Packet - Free ebook download as Word Doc (.doc), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read book online for free. Figure 3. The butterfly a brown backside covered in metallic spots and some orange, also black. 1965. [6], Eggs are small and spherically shaped; the female gulf fritillary lays the eggs individually one by one on or near the host plant. The geographic distribution of the Gulf Fritillary, which feeds on Passion-vines, is limited by the availability of this larval food plant. This one was feeding on Verbena flowers. The Florida Wildflowers & Butterflies projects at the Florida Museum are sponsored in part by the State of … [2][6] Increasingly common in California Central Valley since ca.2010. Description Adult The Gulf fritillary is a medium-sized butterfly with elon-gated forewings. The front edge of the top side of the wings have three white dots with black rings; one is solitary, but the other two are paired. The undersides of the wings are brown with elongated silvery-white spots. Life Cycle of the Gulf Fritillary Butterfly. The use of pheromones in the mating process relates to the idea of mate choice. Finally it fans its wings out and takes flight. Drastic declines in regal fritillary populations have led to much concern about the butterfly's future (Kopper et al. That subfamily was formerly set apart as a separate family, the Heliconiidae. However it undergoes periodic migration as far south as the Midwest; I once saw one in a field in Indianapolis, and there are records much farther north. While native to South and Central America, the West Indies and the American South, its range spread to California with the inclusion of Passion-vines in local gardens. The Gulf Fritillary is a resident throughout the southern United States down into Mexico, Central America, the West Indies, and South America. In the adult population, the approximate sex ratio between males to females is roughly one to one, but further observational studies of gulf fritillaries are needed to better support the hypothesis of an equal sex ratio between the two dimorphic sexes. The wingspan was about 40-50 mm, with a length of 30 mm. Free essays, homework help, flashcards, research papers, book reports, term papers, history, science, politics Wanders north to the central United States; rare northward. Regal Fritillary Speyeria idalia (Drury, 1773) Family: Nymphalidae. are used throughout its range. Mature larvae of the Gulf fritillary butterfly, Agaulis vanillae Linnaeus, on corkystem passionflower, Passiflora suberosa L. (Passifloraceae). By James Malphrus October 28, 2020 October 28, 2020 Dove, Gulf Fritillary, Hunting, Roxanne, Sunflower 0 Even in the middle of a South Georgia summer 6:00 AM can be brisk— and it was. How much of the leaf and how deep into the layers the larva will eat depend on the type (i.e. In its adult form, the gulf fritillary is a medium-sized butterfly that has extended forewings and a wingspan range of 6.5 to 9.5 mm. Upperside of forewing bright red-orange with black markings. Gulf fritillary butterflies have been able to expanded their range because of the intentional cultivation of passion flower varieties. Agraulis vanillae, (Linnaeus, 1758) Tweet; Description: It is a medium sized butterfly in the family Nymphalidae, and the sub-species Heliconiinae. Throughout this food acquisition process, the degree to which a specific leaf is eaten before it is abandoned in favor of another newer leaf largely depends on whether food is in plentiful or scarce supply. In its adult form, the gulf fritillary is a medium-sized butterfly that has extended forewings and a wingspan range of 6.5 to 9.5 cm. 2003. The Gulf fritillary is commonly seen in parks and gardens, as well as in open country. Despite the formidable-looking spikes, these caterpillars are not venomous, and handling them will not result in stings or unpleasant itching. native; Habitat. Geographic Range. These beautiful creatures come in a spectacular range of colors and the gulf fritillary is no exception, with its bright orange wings and iridescent silver spots.. Gulf fritillary butterflies, Agraulis vanillae, get their name from their great migration southward over the Gulf of Mexico. The Lepidoptera of Florida; an annotated checklist. Range is limited in Colorado and Nevada. 1993. Kimball CP. Biogeographic Regions; nearctic. After mating, the females lay eggs on or near passion flower vines. Females are generally larger than males. The summation of these chemical compounds released from the glands leads to birds preferentially avoiding the gulf fritillaries in favor of other prey. Geographic Range. Description and Similar Species: Wingspan 62-80mm. During the physical act of copulation, males transfer nutritious materials to the females. Agraulis vanillae, the gulf fritillary butterfly, has expanded its range in the past 100 years in the western U.S.A. Time series analysis is combined with species distribution modelling to investigate factors limiting the distribution of A. vanillae and to predict future shifts under warming scenarios. occasionally found further north in the US. Gulf Fritillary. Agraulis vanillae is most commonly found in the southern areas of the United States, specifically in many regions of Florida and Texas. The forewing cell contains three black-rimmed white spots. The Gulf fritillary or passion butterfly (Agraulis vanillae) is a bright orange butterfly in the subfamily Heliconiinae of the family Nymphalidae. Gulf Fritillaries lay their eggs on plants in the Passionvine family (Passiflora), with Maypop (Passiflora incarnata) and Corky-Stem Passionvine (Passiflora suberosa) being particular favorites.Unlike Zebra Longwings, who share their range and host plant, Gulf Fritillaries lay their eggs singly, usually on the top sides of leaves. 1. In addition to the size difference between the two sexes, females are usually darker in color and are more marked with black streaks as compared to the males. The Caterpillar of the Gulf Fritillary feeds exclusively on the leaves of the passionflower vine, a common introduced plant, and the introduction of the plant in areas with warmer climates is responsible for the range expansion of the butterfly. The Gulf Fritillary or Passion Butterfly (Agraulis vanillae) is a bright orange butterfly of the family Nymphalidae and subfamily Heliconiinae. The average duration of the larval stage is between 11 and 16 days depending on the temperature. (Photo by Kathy Keatley Garvey) A Gulf Fritillary chrysalis inside the author's car, by the rear window. The use of nuptial gifts in the mating process, especially when females mate with multiple males, relates to the idea of female choice in deciding egg fertilization. Marty Silver, park ranger at Warriors' Path State Park recently took a few photographs of the Studies have shown that the males possess specific structures on their dorsal wings that engage in the production and eventual release of chemical pheromones. [6], After the process of emerging from the chrysalis is completed, the butterfly dries its wings and eventually flies for the first time. The spines are soft to the touch and do not sting. The correct pronunciation is "FRIT-uh-larry". Description Adult The Gulf fritillary is a medium-sized butterfly with elon-gated forewings. This butterfly is also found in Central America and in Hawaii. overwinter in frost-free portions of their range. are used throughout its range. 345 pp. Subfamily: Heliconiinae. HABIT: The Gulf Fritillary is commonly seen in parks and gardens, and in open country. Monarchs, for example, that didn't go into diapause and migrate, may still be laying eggs if the area hasn't had a freeze. Colder temperatures are associated with a longer time frame whereas warmer temperatures are associated with a shorter time for pupal development. Gulf Fritillary Agraulis vanillae (Linnaeus, 1758) Family: Nymphalidae. UF/IFAS. Adults have a wingspan range of 65 to 95 mm. Gulf Fritillary Butterfly (Agraulis vanillae) Type and Coloration. Gulf Fritillary Caterpillar. [6][4], Fritillary feeding on nectar from passion flower, Agraulis vanillae in its chrysalis form, seen in Inglewood, California, Agraulis vanillae larvae preparing for their metamorphoses, Sole species in brush-footed butterfly genus Agraulis. [2], Gulf fritillaries have a chemical defense mechanism in which they release odorous chemicals in response to predator sightings. Gulf fritillary is back 24 September 2009 (PhysOrg.com) -- A showy butterfly with bright orange-red wings and a 4-inch wingspan is back in the Sacramento metropolitan area after a four- show all German English Spanish; Castilian French Japanese Dutch; Flemish Portuguese Russian Swedish Ukrainian Vietnamese Chinese. The Gulf Fritillary is commonly seen in parks and gardens, as well as in open country. factor in the availability of food, the presence of predators, competition between individuals). (So don't eat them, okay?) Arthropods of Florida and Neighboring Land Areas Vol. Individual vagrants may occasionally reach into the central U.S., but rarely into the Midwest. However, due to habitat loss and large-scale population declines, their range has been far reduced, especially in the east. Range/Abundance: Very common in the southern coastal plain, uncommon to rare in the northern coastal plain, eastern piedmont and mountains. 3. Photograph by Jaret C. Daniels, University of Florida. Minno MC, Emmel TC. It was formerly classified in a separate family, the Heliconiidae or longwing butterflies, and like other longwings this species does have long, rather narrow wings in comparison with other butterflies. Butterflies 1: Butterflies of the Southeast. [8][10], The release of pheromones by the male gulf fritillaries plays a critical role in the mating and courtship process. In this case, passion literally takes flight. [4], The scientific name vanillae was given to the gulf fritillary by Carl Linnaeus in 1758, based on a 1705 painting by Maria Sibylla Merian (The Metamorphosis of the Insects of Surinam, Plate XXV), which shows the adult and caterpillar of the gulf fritillary on a vanilla orchid, Vanilla planifolia. 168 pp. T hroughout most of the year on St. Simons Island, butterflies can be seen flying along gathering nectar. Can you spot the Gulf Fritillary chrysalis amid these Passion Vines? Eggs of the Gulf fritillary butterfly, Agraulis vanillae Linnaeus, on Maypop (purple passionflower), Passiflora incarnata L. (Passifloraceae). Gulf fritillaries (Agraulis vanillae) are one of four longwing and fritillary butterflies found in Florida.They range throughout the southern U.S. and migrate northward during warmer months. The Passiflora host plants are frequently called passion vines; in some Texan counties where this butterfly's population is high, gulf fritillaries will feed on specific species such as Passiflora lutea and Passiflora affinis. 2001). Gulf Fritillary (reared), North Carolina Museum of Life and Science, Durham, North Carolina. Much like the monarch butterfly, it begins to pump the fluids from its bulging abdomen into its shriveled wings. 3. Conservation: Not usually of concern. Fields, open fields, and the fall, respectively 1/2 inches longer time whereas! 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