The major examples of social inequality include income gap, gender inequality, health care, and social class. For instance, the theory cannot provide a convincing explanation to why some individual strive for wealth and power, since amassing wealth and power is not always good for the society. Therefore, the high reward is meant to encourage individuals to take the pain to occupy such important positions. When unequal opportunities or rewards exist in a society for people of different social status or position, it is called social inequality. This is IvyPanda's free database of academic paper samples. For instance, functionalists would explain the high rewards and respect given to some occupations such as doctors, scientists and judges as compared to other occupations such farming and garbage collections, by saying that the former occupations are more important to the society as a whole. At minimum social equality implies equal rights to all individual in a society. Social equality implies all people in a society having equal status. Individuals from different social economic classes may understand inequality differently. Generally, it can have two classifications in which one is the owner of the production and others who work as labor for the owner of the production. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must. Without regard to how inequality comes about, it is obvious that high level of inequality is dehumanizing and can lead to social evils such as crime. It keeps growing. However, this is not how society actually works. Considering occupations, functionalists justify inequality in rewards by asserting that the rewards reflect the importance of the different occupations to the system. Women are paid less for doing the same work as men in every country on earth.5 In the U.S., women earn only $.74 cents on the $1.00 paid to men, African … Conflict theory sociologists consider the society to be held together by conflict and coercion among members of the society. AFRICAN AMERICANS” by Deborah Burris-Kitchen and Paul Burris and “Theres No Such Thing as a Natural Disaster” by Neil Smith elude to the race clash and gentrification of urban communities as examples of inequality in our modern day society.In Burris-Kitchen and Burris’ article they discuss the inequality of race and class distinctions. Income and wealth inequality can be caused by differences in the growth of income of different social groups. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. The theory assumes that any pattern in social system has its good purposes. IvyPanda. Bottom-line to stratified society, in fact, is the human propensity to gain dominion over others. “Barriers and Bridges to Class Mobility and Formation: Ethnographies of Stratification”. The average annual salary of a woman is 22% lower than that of a man, a good example of gender inequality. New York: Cengage Learning. 2010. It is a common belief that people living in America are better off than most of the people living in other parts of the world. Inequality between nations is worse than inequality within nations. List of social inequalities. We utilize security vendors that protect and ensure the integrity of our platform while keeping your private information safe. Virtually everyone understands the concept of disparate incomes, however wages are not the same thing as wealth. Competition is a central thing in the society. While functionalists justify unequal rewards for different occupations as a way to utilize important talents and abilities, conflict theorists consider stratification in the society to limit utilization of talents from lower class. Marx was critical of capitalism and accused it of existence of social classes. In the past, the primary role of a woman was defined as being a wife, and a mother, who kept the fireplace and ran the house. Individuals in upper social class tend to relate more with individuals in the same social class while individuals in other social classes do the same. New York: Aldine de Gruyter. Register Psychology Wiki. This example of inequality considers all of the things a person owns, such as a home, a car, a boat, valuable works of art, retirement accounts, insurance policies, and stocks and bonds. Basically, there are 5 types of social inequalities. The history of the black Americans is characterized by severe injustices such as slavery and discrimination whereby the male blacks were the most affected (Smith et.al, 2007). In India, Social Inequality occurs the most and it should be reduced slowly and gradually from our society in order to promote awareness and love. The relevant problems are of horizontal inequality; The inequality of two people of the same origin and different abilities and opportunities given to individuals. Inequality in society is generally based on the way people get related to the factors of production. IvyPanda. Considering scenario of a school, students compete for attention from their teacher, to be included in their school’s base-ball team, to top their class academically, to win scholarship for high education and many other things. Gender inequality is another common example. The wealthier groups can easily be seen by doctors and get medicines as compared to those who are not. The most common example is that of the income gap in America between black and white. Here are some of them: Even little steps can bring huge changes time after time in reviving the social well-being of the people. There is no question that inequality is prevalent in all sorts of human society. professional specifically for you? You can use them for inspiration, an insight into a particular topic, a handy source of reference, or even just as a template of a certain type of paper. The theorists, led by Karl Marx, consider social classes to result from blocked opportunities rather than talent and effort. Later on in the millennium we saw the influence of those in political power decrease. On the other hand, a poor person can view social stratification to result from social injustice. Some examples of cases of social equality -The female liberation movement. For instance, if a country has a single neurosurgeon, the surgeon would be valued and respected without asking for it. Inequality: Race and Drug Free Society. Social Inequality In To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, racism and social inequality are two central themes. 2001. 27 November. Today, there are means accessible for gathering and analyzing data related to the economies of various countries across the globe and research can be done on social stratification and inequality. Dominant groups use discrimination to exercise control over minority groups. The first one is blaming the poor. To functionalism sociologists, society is a system of parts with each part having useful contribution to the system. In countries like Egypt and Bahrain, husbands have the right to stop their wives from leaving the country while other countries require written permission from a husband to travel. It has been around for centuries and nothing has changed, so I do not see it changing in the near future. (2019, November 27). All citizens do not have access to the same type of health care facilities. Wage Inequality. There are not enough work opportunities to support the families. To promote social equality, an enabling environment that exposes all individuals to equal opportunities is necessary. The database is updated daily, so anyone can easily find a relevant essay example. What is Community, Meaning and Definition of Community, Mores in Sociology, Meaning, Definition and Examples, Different Stages of Development of Social Thoughts, Discrimination Definition, Types and Examples, What is Religion Meaning and Definition of …. Gender inequality is anot… There is a large amount of gap present between the wealthiest and the poorest people which needs to be addressed. Even in occupations requiring relatively equal years of training, rewards seem to vary (Loseke 1999). In this society, everyone appears to follow a certain order of things. It is even present in simple cultures where there is minimal variation in wealth. To functionalists, social stratification is not necessarily evil but serves an important function in the society. The most stark examples of inequality are those where all of these things are ignored and instead people are grouped by various superficial characteristics and treated as a homogeneous group instead of an individual like anyone else. Even socialist and communist governments that try to eliminate social economic classes fail to achieve equality. According to the theory, society can be compared to human body where various parts such as lungs, hands, heart, and eyes contribute to functionality of the body as a whole. In general, it is the social minorities who are most often discriminated against. We will write a custom Essay on Inequality in Society specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page. It contains thousands of paper examples on a wide variety of topics, all donated by helpful students. IvyPanda. To conflict theorists, stratification in the society does not have positive contribution to the society. Many different forms of social inequality coexist in the society depicted in the book, as the people of Macomb are very rigid in their ways. In the essay, I will join other sociologists in trying to address the persistent question “why inequality exist?”. Examples Of Inequality In Society 774 Words4 Pages There are many issues in our society like drugs, alcohol, racism, rape, gender work place diversity, injustice etc. The most common example is that of the income gap in America between black and white. I can give you tons of examples of Social Inequality in America. The human rights of women throughout the Middle East and North Africa are systematically denied by each of the countries in the region, despite the diversity of their political systems. “The society is inherently unequal. Inequality has different dimensions and each state has varying dimensions. 1. No matter the level of human development, inequality seems to be existent. Relief must be provided to the low-income group. If you are the copyright owner of this paper and no longer wish to have your work published on IvyPanda. Inequality in Society. Toronto: Pearson Education Canada. There are mainly two schools of thought to the issue of inequality: conflict and functional theories. In modern societies, inequality manifests in social and economic classes, power, income, access to health facilities, academic, gender and other forms. The way the social system maintains itself is of more interest to functionalist sociologists than specific interactions between the different parts of the system. Some individuals in such cultures may have privilege because of their prowess in certain skills such as hunting, medicine or access to ancestral power. 10 Examples of Gender Inequality. Unfortunately, your browser is too old to work on this site. Macionis, John and Linda Gerber. (2019) 'Inequality in Society'. Let us take the example of the Gini coefficient of three …